The British government sees its new positions as an update of its position, while others have seen it as a major change in the British position. [e] Tibetan Robert Barnett believes that the decision has a broader impact. India`s claim to part of its northeastern territories, for example, is largely based on the same agreements – notes exchanged during the 1914 Simla Convention, which established the border between India and Tibet – that the British seem to have simply rejected.  It has been speculated that Britain has changed in exchange for an increased contribution from China to the International Monetary Fund.    It was the war between India and Pakistan in 1971 over the issue of Bangladesh that turned the ceasefire line into the Line of Control (LoC), as it is now known. There was no LoC before the signing of the Shimla Agreement between India and Pakistan in 1972. The agreement also virtually jeopardized the UN resolution, with the two countries agreeing to settle all disputes through bilateral discussions. In his letter [January 23, 1959], Zhou made the following points for the first time to Nehru. First, that the Sino-Indian border had never been formally demarcated and that no agreement or agreement had been reached between the Chinese central government and the Indian government. Second, the McMahon Line was a product of the British policy of aggression against the Tibetan region of China. Third, Zhou acknowledged that the Tibetan local authorities had signed the convention, but were dissatisfied with the “unilateral” line.
Nevertheless, Zhou assured that “the Chinese government believes it is necessary to adopt a realistic attitude towards the McMahon line.” The border between Tibet and India was negotiated privately in Simla between representatives of Great Britain and Tibet, in the absence of the Chinese representative. At the Simla conference, a map of the Tibet-India border was made available as an appendix to the proposed agreement.   [a] [c] (iii) Withdrawals begin with deminsences of this agreement and are concluded within thirty days.  Simla was initially rejected by the Indian government as incompatible with the 1907 Anglo-Russian Convention. The official protocol of the treaty, C.U. Aitchison A Collection of Treatys, was published with a note stating that no binding agreement had been reached in Simla.  As the condition set out in the agreement (agreement with China) was not met, the Tibetan government did not accept the McMahon line.  Negotiations failed when China and Tibet failed to agree on the Sino-Tibetan border. Chinese attorney Ivan Chen initiated the contract until it was confirmed by his government. He was then ordered by the Chinese government to reject his agreement.  On July 3, 1914, British and Tibetan plenipotentiaries signed the convention without the Chinese signature.