Due to the European race to the colonies, Germany launched its own expeditions, which frightened British and French statesmen. The occupation of Egypt and the acquisition of Congo were the first major steps in a sharp battle around African territory. In the hope of rapidly defusing this brewing conflict, King Leopold II convinced France and Germany that common trade in Africa was in the best interests of the three countries. With British support and the Portuguese initiative, German Chancellor Otto von Bismarck called on representatives of 13 nations in Europe and the United States to participate in the Berlin Conference of 1884 in order to develop a common policy on the African continent. Berlin conference: a drawing of the Berlin conference. The main dominant powers of the conference were France, Germany, the United Kingdom and Portugal. This rapid increase in the exploration and colonization of Africa eventually led to the Berlin Conference in 1884. Well-established empires, particularly Britain, Portugal and France, had already claimed large territories in Africa and Asia, and emerging imperial powers such as Italy and Germany had done so on a smaller scale. With the ouster of the aging Bismarck Chancellor by Emperor William II, relatively orderly colonization became a hectic brawl, known as the Scramble for Africa. The Berlin conference on the definition of international guidelines for the acquisition of African territory, initiated by Bismarck, formalized this “new imperialism”. Between the Franco-German War and the First World War, Europe added nearly 9 million square miles to its colonial possessions abroad, or one-fifth of the world`s land.
The Berlin Conference of 1884-85, also known to the Congo, regulated European colonization and trade in Africa during the period of the new imperialism, at the same time as Germany`s sudden entry into imperial power. Claimed by Portugal and organized by Otto von Bismarck, the first German chancellor, the result was the general law of the Berlin conference, the officialization of the Scramble for Africa. The conference launched a strengthened colonial activity of the European powers, which eliminated or superimposed most of the existing forms of African autonomy and autonomy. The conference was an opportunity to channel latent European hostilities outwards; to create new areas of support for European powers in the face of increasing US, Russian and Japanese interests; and constructive dialogue to limit future hostilities. In Africa, colonialism was introduced across most of the continent. When Africa`s independence was regained after World War II, it was in the form of fragmented states.  Historians have long marked the Berlin conference in the formalization of Scramble for Africa, but recent scholarships have questioned the legal and economic impact of the conference.  Some critics have argued that diplomats have set up a humanitarian front for international support by condemning the slave trade, banning the sale of alcoholic beverages and firearms in some areas, and expressing concern for the mission`s activities.